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Saturday, February 8

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Mexican children grow up in a society where English and Spanish are associated with “development” and economic success and indigenous languages with backwardness and marginalization, and where English seems to be owned only by so-called native speakers, rendering Mexican English teachers as deficient. However, Mexican educators and Mexican pre-service English teachers have attempted to transform this reality for the last 12 years in Oaxaca, Mexico.

Using multimodal identity texts (photos and videos) and narrative, this paper presents ethnographic portraits of Mexican English pre-service teachers as well as indigenous and mestizo children from Oaxacan semi-urban and rural communities participating in a critical-ethnographic-action-research project. This project teaches “English” in order to (re) negotiate the pre-service teachers’ and children’s identities and to challenge the historical and societal ideologies that position them as deficient learners and their translanguaging and multiliteracies practices as inappropriate. Utilizing “identity texts” (Cummins, 2006) and critical pedagogy (Freire, 1970; Norton & Toohey, 2004) as a theoretical framework, the data was collected through participatory classroom and community observations, semistructured interviews, and pre-service teachers’ and children’s identity texts. The analysis and discussion of the data addresses three main emergent themes: (a) pre-service teachers as bilingual and/or multilingual teachers; (b) children’s identity (re)negotiation through the creation and performance of identity texts; and (c) the use of English to address topics that matter in Mexican people’s lives. It is concluded that transforming English occurs in microexperiences and contexts, which leaves us hopeful that transformation can also occur in macro-contexts.

 

Mario López-Gopar (PhD OISE/University of Toronto) is professor at Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (UABJO). Mario’s main research interest is intercultural and multilingual education of indigenous peoples in Mexico. He has received over 15 academic awards. His PhD thesis was awarded both the 2009 AERA Second Language Research Dissertation Award and the 2009 OISE Outstanding Thesis of the Year Award. He has published numerous articles and book chapters in Mexico, USA, Canada, Argentina, Brazil and Europe. His latest books are Decolonizing Primary English Language Teaching (Multilingual Matters, 2016) and International Perspectives on Critical Pedagogies in ELT (Palgrave MacMillan, 2019). He is the leader of the Critical Applied Linguistic Research Group at UABJO, which was awarded the Oaxaca State Science and Technology Award in the Area of Social Sciences in 2013. He has been a SNI member (Sistema Nacional de Investigadores) since 2011.

 

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